GOSPEL of LUKE
Nineteen and Twenty
When he was now drawing near, at the descent from
the Mount of Olives, the whole crowd of the disciples began to rejoice,
and to praise God with shouts for all the deeds of power they had
seen, saying, "Blessed is the king who comes in the name of the
Lord! Peace in heaven and glory in the heights!"
GUEST OF THE MAN WHOM ALL MEN DESPISED
entered Jericho and was passing through it. And - look you - there
was a man called Zacchaeus by name, and he was commissioner of taxes,
and he was rich. He was seeking to see who Jesus was, and he could
not for the crowd, because he was short in height. So he ran on
ahead and climbed up into a sycamore tree, for he was to pass that
way. When Jesus came to the place he looked up and said to him,
"Zacchaeus! Hurry and come down! For this day I must stay at your
house." So he hurried and came down, and welcomed him gladly; and
when they saw it they all murmured, "He has gone in to be the guest
of a man who is a sinner." Zacchaeus stood and said to the Lord,
"Look you - half of my goods, Lord, I hereby give to the poor. If
I have taken anything from any man by fraud I give it back to him
four times over." Jesus said to him, "Today salvation has come to
this house, because he also is a son of Abraham; for the Son of
Man came to seek and to save that which was lost."
KING'S TRUST IN HIS SERVANTS
were listening to these things, Jesus went on to tell them a parable
because he was near Jerusalem, and they were thinking that the kingdom
of God was going to appear immediately. So he said, "There was a
noble man who went into a distant country to receive a kingdom for
himself and then to return. He called ten of his own servants and
gave them 5 gold coins each and said to them, 'Trade with these
until I come.' His citizens hated him, and they dispatched an embassy
after him, saying, 'We do not wish the man to be king over us.'
When he had received the kingdom and had returned, he ordered the
servants to whom he had given the money to be called to him, that
he might know what they had made by trading with it. The first came
and said, 'Sir, your 5 gold coins have produced 50.' So he said
to him, 'Well done, good servant! Because you have shown yourself
faithful in a little thing, you shall have authority over ten cities.'
And the second came and said to him also, 'Sir, your 5 gold coins
have made 25.' He said to him also, 'You, too, are to be promoted
over five cities.' Another came to him and said, 'Sir, here are
your 5 gold coins, which I was keeping laid away in a towel, for
I was afraid of you, because I know that you are a hard man. You
take up what you did not put down and you reap what you did not
sow.' He said to him, 'Out of your own mouth I judge you, wicked
servant. You knew that I am a hard man, taking up what I did not
put down, and reaping what I did not sow. You ought, therefore,
to have given my money to the bankers, so that when I came, I would
have received it plus interest.' He said to those standing by, 'Take
the 5 coins from him and give it to him who has 50.' They said to
him, 'Sir, he has 50.' I tell you, that to everyone who has it will
be given; but from him who has not; even what he has will be taken
away. But as for these my enemies, who did not wish to have me as
their king - bring them here and hew them to pieces in my presence."
ENTRY OF THE KING
had said these things, he went on ahead on the way up to Jerusalem.
When he had come near Bethphage and Bethany, which is near the mount
called the Mount of Olives, he dispatched two of his disciples.
"Go to the village opposite," he said. "As you come into it, you
will find tethered a colt upon which no man has ever sat. Loose
it and bring it here. And if any one asks you, 'Why are you loosing
this colt?' you will say, 'The Lord needs it.'" Those who had been
dispatched went off, and found everything exactly as he had told
them. And as they were loosing the colt, its owners told them, "Why
are you loosing the colt?" They said, "The Lord needs it." and they
brought it to Jesus. They flung their garments on the colt, and
mounted Jesus on it. As he went they strewed their garments on the
road. When he was now drawing near, at the descent from the Mount
of Olives, the whole crowd of the disciples began to rejoice, and
to praise God with shouts for all the deeds of power they had seen,
saying, "Blessed is the king who comes in the name of the Lord!
Peace in heaven and glory in the heights!" Some of the Pharisees
who were in the crowd said to him, "Teacher, rebuke your disciples."
"I tell you," he answered, "if these keep silent, the stones will
PITY AND THE ANGER OF JESUS
had come near, and when he saw the city, he wept over it. "Would
that, even today," he said, "you recognized the things which would
give you peace! But as it is, they are hidden from your eyes; for
days will come upon you when your enemies will cast a rampart around
you, and will surround you, and will hem you in on every side, and
they will dash you and your children within you to the ground, and
they will not leave one stone upon another within you, because you
did not recognize the day when God visited you."
And he entered
into the Temple and began to cast out those who were selling. "It
is written," he said to them, "My house shall be a house of prayer,
but you have made it a brigands' cave."
And he taught
daily in the Temple. The chief priests and the scribes sought to
kill him, as did the chief men of the nation; and they could not
discover anything they could do to him, for all the people, as they
listened to him, hung upon his words.
BY WHAT AUTHORITY?
One day, while Jesus was teaching the people in the Temple and telling
them the good news, the chief priests and scribes with the elders
came up and said to him, "Tell us, by what authority do you do these
things? Or, who is it who gives you this authority?" He said to
them, "I, too, will ask you for a statement. Tell me, was the baptism
of John from heaven or from men?" They discussed it with each other.
"If," they said to each other, "we say, 'From heaven,' he will say,
'Why did you not believe in him?' But, if we say, 'From men,' all
the people will stone us, for they are convinced that John was a
prophet." So they answered that they did not know where it was from.
Jesus said to them, "Neither do I tell you by what authority I do
A PARABLE WHICH WAS A CONDEMNATION
began to speak this parable to the people. "A man planted a vineyard
and let it out to tenants, and went away for a long time. At the
proper time he dispatched a servant to the tenants so that they
might give him his share of the fruit of the vineyard. The tenants
beat him and sent him away empty-handed. He went on to send another
servant. They beat him, too, and maltreated him, and sent him away
empty-handed. He went on to send a third. This one they wounded
and threw out. The owner of the vineyard said, 'What am I to do?
I will send my beloved son. It may be they will respect him.' When
the tenants saw him they said to each other, 'This is the heir.
Let us kill him so that the inheritance will be ours.' And they
flung him out of the vineyard and killed him. What, then, will the
owner of the vineyard do to them? He will come and he will destroy
these tenants, and will give the vineyard to others." When they
heard this, they said, "God forbid!" He looked at them and said,
"What, then, is this which stands written -- ' The stone which the
builders rejected, this has become the head of the corner? Everyone
who falls against that stone will be shattered; but if it falls
on anyone it will wipe him out as the wind blows the chaff away.'"
and chief priests tried to lay hands on Jesus at that very hour;
and they feared the people, for they realized that he spoke this
parable to them. They watched for an opportunity, and they dispatched
spies, who pretended that they were genuinely concerned about the
right thing to do, so that they might fasten on what he said and
be able to hand him over to the power and the authority of the governor.
They asked him, "Teacher, we know that you speak and teach rightly,
and you are no respecter of persons. Is it lawful for us to pay
tribute to Caesar? Or not?" He saw their subtle deception and said
to them, "Show me a denarius. Whose image and inscription is on
it?" They said, "Caesar's." "Well then," he said to them, "give
to Caesar what belongs to Caesar, and give to God what belongs to
God." There was nothing in this statement that they could fasten
on to in the presence of the people. They were amazed at his answer,
and had nothing to say.
the Sadducees, who say that there is no resurrection, came to Jesus
and asked him, "Teacher, Moses wrote to us that, if a man's married
brother dies without leaving any children, his brother must take
his wife and raise up descendants for his brother. Now there were
seven brothers. The first took a wife and died childless. The second
and the third also took her; and in the same way the whole seven
left no children and died. Later the wife died, too. Whose wife
will she be at the resurrection, for the seven had her to wife?"
Jesus said to them, "The sons of this age marry and are married.
But those who are deemed worthy to obtain that age and the resurrection
from the dead neither marry nor are married, for they cannot die
any more, for they are like angels and they are sons of God, for
they are the sons of the resurrection. That the dead are raised
even Moses indicated in the passage about the bush, when he called
the Lord, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac and the God of Jacob.
God is not the God of the dead but of the living, for all live to
him." Some of the scribes said, "Teacher, you have spoken well";
and they no longer dared to ask him any question.
WARNINGS OF JESUS
said to them, "How does David say that the Christ is his son? For
David himself says in the Book of Psalms, 'The Lord says to my Lord,
Sit at my right hand till I make your enemies your footstool.' So
David calls him Lord, and how can he be his son?"
LOVE OF HONOUR AMONG MEN
all the people were listening, Jesus said to his disciples, "Beware
of the scribes who like to walk about in long robes, and who love
greetings in the market places, and the chief seats in synagogues,
and the top place at banquets. They devour widows' houses and pretend
to offer long prayers. These will receive the greater condemnation."
turn to chapters twenty-one and twenty-two