JESUS TRIED and
CONDEMNED BY CAIAPHAS
They took Jesus to the high priest, and all the chief priests, elders
and teachers of the law came together.
The chief priests
and the whole Sanhedrin were looking for evidence against Jesus
so that they could put him to death, but they did not find any.
Many testified falsely against him, but their statements did not
Then some stood
up and gave this false testimony against him: "We heard him
say, 'I will destroy this man-made temple and in three days will
build another, not made by man.'" Yet even then their testimony
did not agree.
Then the high
priest stood up before them and asked Jesus, "Are you not going
to answer? What is this testimony that these men are bringing against
you?" Jesus remained silent and gave no answer.
Again the high
priest asked him, "Are you the Christ, the Son of the Blessed
One?" (Mark 14:53, 55-61)
is as you say," Jesus replied. "But I say to all of you:
In the future you will see the Son of Man sitting at the right hand
of the Mighty One and coming on the clouds of heaven."
Then the high
priest tore his clothes and said, "He has spoken blasphemy!
Why do we need any more witnesses? Look, now you have heard the
blasphemy. What do you think?"
"He is worthy
of death," they answered.
Then they spit
in his face and struck him with their fists. Others slapped him
and said, "Prophesy to us, Christ. Who hit you?" (Matthew
PETER DENIES JESUS
Simon Peter and another disciple were following Jesus. Because this
disciple was known to the high priest, he went with Jesus into the
high priest's courtyard, but Peter had to wait outside at the door.
The other disciple, who was known to the high priest, came back,
spoke to the girl on duty there and brought Peter in.
not one of his disciples, are you?" the girl at the door asked
He replied, "I
It was cold, and
the servants and officials stood around a fire they had made to
keep warm. Peter also was standing with them, warming himself.
As Simon Peter
stood warming himself, he was asked, "You are not one of his
disciples, are you?" He denied it, saying, "I am not."
One of the high
priest's servants, a relative of the man whose ear Peter had cut
off, challenged him, "Didn't I see you with him in the olive
Again Peter denied
it, and at that moment a rooster began to crow (John 18:15-18, 25-26).
The Lord turned
and looked straight at Peter. Then Peter remembered the word the
Lord had spoken to him: "Before the rooster crows today, you
will disown me three times." And he went outside and wept bitterly
BY THE TEMPLE COUNCIL
At daybreak the council
of the elders of the people, both the chief priests and teachers
of the law, met together, and Jesus was led before them. Luke 22:67
"If you are the Christ, " they said, "tell us."
"If I tell you, you will not believe me, and if I asked you,
you would not answer. But from now on, the Son of Man will be seated
at the right hand of the mighty God."
They all asked,
"Are you then the Son of God?"
He replied, "You
are right in saying I am."
Then they said,
"Why do we need any more testimony? We have heard it from his
Then the whole
assembly rose and led him off to Pilate (Luke 22:66-23:1).
JUDAS RETURNS SILVER
and KILLS HIMSELF
When Judas, who had betrayed him, saw that Jesus was condemned,
he was seized with remorse and returned the thirty silver coins
to the chief priests and the elders. "I have sinned,"
he said, "for I have betrayed innocent blood."
"What is that to us?" they replied. "That's your
So Judas threw
the money into the temple and left. Then he went away and hanged
The chief priests
picked up the coins and said, "It is against the law to put
this into the treasury, since it is blood money." So they decided
to use the money to buy the potter's field as a burial place for
foreigners. That is why it has been called the Field of Blood to
this day. Then what was spoken by Jeremiah the prophet was fulfilled:
"They took the thirty silver coins, the price set on him by
the people of Israel, and they used them to buy the potter's field,
as the Lord commanded me" (Matthew 27:3-10).
JESUS APPEARS BEFORE
Then the Jews led Jesus from Caiaphas to the palace of the Roman
governor. By now it was early morning, and to avoid ceremonial uncleanness
the Jews did not enter the palace; they wanted to be able to eat
the Passover. So Pilate came out to them and asked, "What charges
are you bringing against this man?"
"If he were not a criminal," they replied, "we would
not have handed him over to you."
Pilate said, "Take
him yourselves and judge him by your own law."
"But we have
no right to execute anyone," the Jews objected. This happened
so that the words Jesus had spoken indicating the kind of death
he was going to die would be fulfilled.
Pilate then went
back inside the palace, summoned Jesus and asked him, "Are
you the king of the Jews?"
your own idea," Jesus asked, "or did others talk to you
"Am I a Jew?"
Pilate replied. "It was your people and your chief priests
who handed you over to me. What is it you have done?"
Jesus said, "My
kingdom is not of this world. If it were, my servants would fight
to prevent my arrest by the Jews. But now my kingdom is from another
a king, then!" said Pilate.
"You are right in saying I am a king. In fact, for this reason
I was born, and for this I came into the world, to testify to the
truth. Everyone on the side of truth listens to me."
truth?" Pilate asked. With this he went out again to the Jews
and said, "I find no basis for a charge against him (John 18:28-38).
When he was accused
by the chief priests and the elders, he gave no answer. Then Pilate
asked him, "Don't you hear the testimony they are bringing
against you?" But Jesus made no reply, not even to a single
charge--to the great amazement of the governor (Matthew 27:12-14).
But they insisted,
"He stirs up the people all over Judea by his teaching. He
started in Galilee and has come all the way here" (Luke 23:5).
JESUS APPEARS BEFORE
On hearing this, Pilate asked if the man was a Galilean. When he
learned that Jesus was under Herod's jurisdiction, he sent him to
Herod, who was also in Jerusalem at that time.
When Herod saw
Jesus, he was greatly pleased, because for a long time he had been
wanting to see him. From what he had heard about him, he hoped to
see him perform some miracle. He plied him with many questions,
but Jesus gave him no answer. The chief priests and the teachers
of the law were standing there, vehemently accusing him. Then Herod
and his soldiers ridiculed and mocked him. Dressing him in an elegant
robe, they sent him back to Pilate. Luke 23:12 That day Herod and
Pilate became friends--before this they had been enemies (Luke 23:6-12)
JESUS APPEARS BEFORE
PILATE A SECOND TIME
Now it was the custom at the Feast to release a prisoner whom the
people requested. A man called Barabbas was in prison with the insurrectionists
who had committed murder in the uprising. The crowd came up and
asked Pilate to do for them what he usually did (Mark 15:6-8).
together the chief priests, the rulers and the people, and said
to them, "You brought me this man as one who was inciting the
people to rebellion. I have examined him in your presence and have
found no basis for your charges against him. Neither has Herod,
for he sent him back to us; as you can see, he has done nothing
to deserve death (Luke 23:13-15).
So when the crowd
had gathered, Pilate asked them, "Which one do you want me
to release to you: Barabbas, or Jesus who is called Christ?"
For he knew it was out of envy that they had handed Jesus over to
him. While Pilate was sitting on the judge's seat, his wife sent
him this message: "Don't have anything to do with that innocent
man, for I have suffered a great deal today in a dream because of
But the chief
priests and the elders persuaded the crowd to ask for Barabbas and
to have Jesus executed.
the two do you want me to release to you?" asked the governor.
they answered (Matthew 27:18-21).
With one voice
they cried out, "Away with this man! Release Barabbas to us!"
(Barabbas had been thrown into prison for an insurrection in the
city, and for murder.) (Luke 23:18-19)
Then Pilate took
Jesus and had him flogged. The soldiers twisted together a crown
of thorns and put it on his head. They clothed him in a purple robe
and went up to him again and again, saying, "Hail, king of
the Jews!" And they struck him in the face.
Once more Pilate
came out and said to the Jews, "Look, I am bringing him out
to you to let you know that I find no basis for a charge against
When Jesus came out wearing the crown of thorns and the purple robe,
Pilate said to them, "Here is the man!"
As soon as the chief priests and their officials saw him, they shouted,
But Pilate answered,
"You take him and crucify him. As for me, I find no basis for
a charge against him."
The Jews insisted,
"We have a law, and according to that law he must die, because
he claimed to be the Son of God."
When Pilate heard
this, he was even more afraid, and he went back inside the palace.
"Where do you come from?" he asked Jesus, but Jesus gave
him no answer. "Do you refuse to speak to me?" Pilate
said. "Don't you realize I have power either to free you or
to crucify you?"
"You would have no power over me if it were not given to you
from above. Therefore the one who handed me over to you is guilty
of a greater sin."
From then on,
Pilate tried to set Jesus free, but the Jews kept shouting, "If
you let this man go, you are no friend of Caesar. Anyone who claims
to be a king opposes Caesar."
When Pilate heard
this, he brought Jesus out and sat down on the judge's seat at a
place known as the Stone Pavement (which in Aramaic is Gabbatha).
It was the day
of Preparation of Passover Week, about the sixth hour.
"Here is your king," Pilate said to the Jews.
But they shouted,
"Take him away! Take him away! Crucify him!"
crucify your king?" Pilate asked.
no king but Caesar," the chief priests answered (John 19:1-14).
When Pilate saw
that he was getting nowhere, but that instead an uproar was starting,
he took water and washed his hands in front of the crowd. "I
am innocent of this man's blood," he said. "It is your
All the people
answered, "Let his blood be on us and on our children!"
So Pilate decided
to grant their demand. He released the man who had been thrown into
prison for insurrection and murder, the one they asked for, and
surrendered Jesus to their will (Luke 23:24).
Then the governor's
soldiers took Jesus into the Praetorium and gathered the whole company
of soldiers around him. They stripped him and put a scarlet robe
on him, and then twisted together a crown of thorns and set it on
his head. They put a staff in his right hand and knelt in front
of him and mocked him. "Hail, king of the Jews!" they
said. They spit on him, and took the staff and struck him on the
head again and again. After they had mocked him, they took off the
robe and put his own clothes on him. Then they led him away to crucify
him (Matthew 27:27-31).
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